Hemis National Park is located in the eastern Ladakh region of the state of Jammu & Kashmir, popularly known for its great heights, and was established in 1981 to protect the decreasing population of wildlife. This area was named after the famous monastery–Hemis Gompa, a 400-year-old Buddhist monastery located on the north-eastern boundary of the park that draws a large number of pilgrims during the Hemis Tse-chu (Mask Dance) Festival, which is considered to be the wealthiest and largest of its kind in Ladakh. Hemis was a halting point for traders on the Silk route and about 2,000 people still live inside the park boundaries. Many of these communities raise poultry, goats, and other cattle that are left to graze, causing conflict between wildlife and the people. This park is situated at an altitudinal ranging between 9,800 ft. and 20,700 ft. (3300 m – 6300 m) above sea level and the park’s eastern and northern boundaries are marked by the River Indus while the western boundary is set by the Zanskar River. The Sumdah, Rumbak, and Markha rivers run throughout the park along with the Ladakh Range. Amongst all national parks in India, Hemis National Park is the only one that is to the North of the great Himalayas and has the largest protected area. The park falls under the Karakoram Range (West Tibetan Plateau) an alpine steppe eco-region with dense pine forests, alpine shrubs, and vast meadows. Hemis National Park is the country’s only protected area inside the Palearctic ecological zone.
Hemis National Park is known by the name Hemis High Altitude National Park (1,700 sq. miles) and is the only national park in the country that is situated north of the Himalayas. Hemis National Park is known for being the second largest contiguous protected area (Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve in Uttarakhand, India) in the entire country and is the largest National Park in South-Asia as well. This dreamy National Park, Hemis is famous for its unique specialty, the snow leopard (schan in Ladakhi), and one of the few places to witness Eurasian brown bears and Tibetan wolves. Besides the fauna, uniquely fascinating floras are abundant in this Ladakh national park, which offers you a bundle of once-in-a-lifetime experiences.
History of Hemis
Humans have inhabited this region (i.e., now part of Hemis National Park) for at least 12,000 years ago, with rock carvings. During the first century, the Ladakh region was part of the Kushan Empire and later was under the rule of various empires over the following centuries. Hemis National Park was established in 1981 and has been named after the Hemis Gompa (known as Chang-Chub-Sam-Ling, meaning the ‘place of the compassionate’), which was founded by Lama Tagstang Raspa in 1630. The gompa was commissioned by King Sengge Namgyal and was built by Palden Sara under the patronage of King Sengge.
Places To Visit In & Around Hemis
The park is open throughout the year, but the best time to visit Hemis is from June to the mid-of October. The first thing that strikes our mind after hearing about a National Park is ‘going on a Safari‘. In this Hemis National Park, vehicular movements are completely banned inside the park, but Jeep Safari is available and will only show you around the park. However, Winter is the best time to explore the high-altitude wildlife adventure, and there will be a high chance to “see a snow leopard ” which might be on your bucket list! Hemis National Park is India’s largest protected wildlife area and has the highest density of snow leopards anywhere in the world. If you what to make your trip adventurous then you can try the trails. Hemis National Park is home to many numerous trails that one can visit in the park (Markha Valley Trek, Spituk to Stok Trek (Ganda La Pass), Snow Leopards Trek) which passes through the snow-laden mountains, can view the frozen waterfalls, along with walking on a frozen river.
Situated right in the middle of the snow-capped mountain ranges of Ladakh, this spectacular Hemis high-altitude national park is a perfect place for an amazing wildlife adventure. Its range of flora constitutes majorly alpine vegetation, like Anemone, Veronica, Delphinium, Gentiana, Salix, Lloydia, Kobresia, Poplar, Birch, etc. Besides, the Hemis National Park is also home to over 15 endangered species of medicinal plants. Its natural habitat dwells over 17 mammal and 73 bird species.
Mammals: One can witness some rare and endangered mammals of the Indian Himalayas namely the Snow Leopard, Tibetan Wolf (also called wooly wolf, and Mongolian wolf), Argali or Great Tibetan sheep, Red Fox, Asiatic Ibex, Palla’s cat, Eurasian Brown Bear, Himalayan marmot, Bharal (Blue Sheep), Mountain (Pale) Weasels, Shapu (Ladakh urial), etc.
Birds: This Park is ideal to observe and study rare avian life namely the Golden Eagle, the Himalayan Griffon Vulture, and the Lammergeier Vulture—the park’s birds of prey. The patient birdwatcher can spot rare birds inside the park namely the Black-winged Snow Finch, Great Grey Shrike, Red Mantled Rose Finch, Black-Throated Thrush, the Robin Acceptor, Spotted Flycatcher, Himalayan Whistling Thrush, White Rumped Shama, etc. Other rare birds include the Tickell’s leaf Warbler, Fork-tailed Swift, Fire-Fronter Serin, and the Himalayan Snowcock.
This area was named after the famous Buddhist monastery–Hemis Gompa, a 400-year-old Buddhist monastery located on the north-eastern boundary of the park which draws a large number of pilgrims during the Hemis Tse-chu Festival (held every year in early June (the tenth month in the Tibetan calendar)), considered as the wealthiest and largest of its kind in Ladakh. This annual mask festival is celebrated in the memory of Guru Padmasambhava, who is believed to be the Gautam Buddha’s reincarnation. Hemis Gompa is known as Chang-Chub-Sam-Ling, meaning the ‘place of the compassionate’, which was founded by Lama Tagstang Raspa in 1630 CE. The gompa was commissioned by King Sengge Namgyal and was built by Palden Sara under the patronage of King Sengge. This sacred monastery in the Ladakh region is at an altitude of approximately 3657 m above sea level in the Western Himalayas and is also an institution for the teaching of Tantric Vajrayana. In this monastery, one can witness a spectacular Golden statue of Lord Buddha along with stupas made of gold & silver, thangkas (a painting on cotton or silk, depicting a Buddhist deity), murals (a painting or artwork executed directly on a wall), and home to red-robed monks. All four sides of the monastery are decorated well with colorful prayer flags which flutter due to the breeze and send out prayers to Lord Buddha.
The Gotsang Gompa is a Buddhist monastery in Hemis, situated very close to the Hemis monastery. The main shrine is Gotsang Cave, a place for meditation that is located on a mountain slope high above the Hemis Gompa. From 1189 CE-1258 CE the Tantric Master Gyalwang Gotsang (known as Gotsangapa) meditated in this Cave and he was the enlightened Tibetan lama who first charted the pilgrim path around Mount Kailash. One more cave named age-blackened cave is now hidden within the monastic building to the left, one can see this building while you’re climbing uphill from Hemis Gompa. Not accessible through the car, the only possible way is to hike uphill from Hemis Gompa which takes around 1 hour. This monastery is one of the Buddhist centers where you can get a room but only for an overnight stay. Monks are said to retreat within the tiny rooms of this gompa for several years.
Stakna Monastery is surrounded by snow-capped mountains which offer a wonderful view of the valley, situated around 25 km from the city of Leh. Stakna Monastery was built on a summit of an isolated rock, by a Bhutanese scholar and saint, Chosje Jamyang Palkar in 1580 CE, and is famous for its Arya Avalokitesvara marble statue. This monastery stands as a visual display of the cultural & religious heritage of Buddhism and the architecture of this monastery is of pure Tibetan style. Stakna Monastery is also known as Tiger’s Nose in the local language because of its appearance from the hill. To reach this monastery you must cross a small wooden bridge suspended by iron ropes over the River Indus. Presently home to about thirty monks, this Stakna monastery gives a most panoramic view of the Hemis region.
Shang Gompa is a refreshing sight, situated in the rugged terrain of the Himalayas alongside the majestic landscapes of Leh and Ladakh. Located around 40 km away from the city of Leh. Shang Gompa is a symbol of composure, tranquility, placidity, levelheadedness, and quietness. The chanting of the monks, the fresh and cool breeze of the mountains, and the incredibility of the monastery are pretty much a mesmerizing and soul-touching experience here. The monastery also retains various intricate paintings of several depicting deities wearing crowns bedecked in jewels and human skulls, holding swords, or lotus flowers, and wearing silken robes and tiger skins. You can reach this Gompa on foot or by motor vehicle.
Best Time To Visit Hemis
If you want to enjoy a hassle-free and pleasant trip, then plan your trip between the months of May and early October. Post-November the Jeep Safari and most trekking routes are stalled due to heavy snowfall. If you are visiting Hemis between June and July, then plan your dates accordingly to attend the Hemis Tse-chu (Mask Dance) Festival. If you are a wildlife adventurous enthusiast, then Winter will be the best time to explore the high-altitude wildlife adventure, and there will be high chances of sighting a ‘snow leopard‘.
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